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Tuesday, February 26, 2008

Resinstalling grub in ubuntu

If you have dual OS such as Windows and Ubuntu.You can select the operating system and and you can use it.but if you want to format your windows OS to higher version.Then after installing you can able to boot from Windows,You cant able to boot it into ubuntu,since the grub menu was lost.so if u want to install the grub in ubuntu.
Boot into the live Ubuntu cd. This can be the live installer cd or the older live session Ubuntu cds.

When you get to the desktop open a terminal and enter.

Code:
1.sudo grub
This will get you a "grub>" prompt (i.e. the grub shell). At grub>. enter these commands
Code:
2.find /boot/grub/stage1
This will return a location. If you have more than one, select the installation that you want to provide the grub files.
Next, THIS IS IMPORTANT, whatever was returned for the find command use it in the next line (you are still at grub>. when you enter the next 3 commands)
Code:
3.root (hd?,?)
Again use the value from the find command i.e. if find returned (hd0,1) then you would enter root (hd0,1)
Next enter the command to install grub to the mbr
Code:
4.setup (hd0)
Finally exit the grub shell
5.quit
That is it. Grub will be installed to the mbr.
When you reboot, you will have the grub menu at startup.


Sudo grub gets you the grub shell.
Find /boot/grub/stage1 has grub locate the file stage1. What this does is tell us where grub's files are. Only a small part of grub is located on the mbr, the rest of grub is in your boot folder. Grub needs those files to run the setup. So you find the files and then you tell grub where to locate the files it will need for setup.
So root (hd?,?) tells grub it's files are on that partition.
Finally setup (hd0) tells grub to setup on hd0. When you give grub the parameter hd0 with no following value for a partition, grub will use the mbr. hd0 is the grub label for the first drive's mbr.
Quit will exit you from the grub shell.